Achieving Multimodal Networks: Applying Design Flexibility and Reducing Conflicts

 

External link: https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/bicycle_pedestrian/publications/multimodal_networks/fhwahep16055.pdf

Publication date: June 8, 2016

Capsule summary: This report assists transportation planners in designing multimodal transportation networks to meet safety guidelines and overcome design challenges that would otherwise pose conflicts between modes of transportation.

Author(s): Cambridge Systematics; Toole Design Group, Inc.

Publisher(s): FHWA


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Description: In order to be accessible and accommodating to all, transportation networks benefit from flexible multimodal design. National guidelines and standards are written broadly so that the diversity of communities nationwide is accommodated, and providing room for design planning that considers conflicts between pedestrians, bicyclists, motorists, and transit. The report discusses the applications and aspects of design flexibility and describes strategies for reducing multimodal conflicts. Additionally, the report includes case studies to illustrate the design topics discussed.

Objectives: The objective of the report is to inform practitioners of the flexibility of national guidelines so that they can improve their multimodal network design. It intends to equip readers with the knowledge and strategies necessary to overcome design challenges, resulting in efficient systems with reduced multimodal conflict. The report provides tools that facilitate the design of safer, more accessible networks.

Findings: This report presents findings on the various opportunities for transportation planners to incorporate design flexibility into their communities. While prioritizing safety, the report emphasizes that national guidelines offer flexibility so that communities can adapt policies to their needs and the functions of their assets. The report explains that well-connected multimodal networks increase accessibility and reduce conflicts, thus promoting use of assets.

Recommendations: The report endorses the resolution of multimodal conflicts by considering creative design alternatives, such as the use of floating bus stops when faced with conflicts between bike lanes and transit. The report addresses design constraints and potential conflicts, and provides solutions to challenges ranging from constructing intersection geometry that accommodates different vehicles to promoting safety and traffic flow in school zones.

Research Theme: Planning for Pedestrians, Bikes, and Transit, Traffic Operations, Travel Demand Modeling

Community Type: City, Medium City

Transportation Mode: Bicycle, Pedestrian, Personal, Transit

Planning Scope: Regional or Metro Area, State Level

Organization Type: City, DOT

Planning Subject: Forecasting, Planning Methods, Transportation Planning